Natural selection is a key force of evolution. The individuals that survive to reproduce will get their genes further to the next generation. For many fished stocks mortality caused by fishing is actually higher than the natural mortality, and leads to artificial selection. If the changes caused by this artificial selection are heritable, fishing-induced (or fisheries-induced) evolution is taking place. Unlike commonly assumed, strong selection pressure can lead to observable evolutionary changes within only few generations, thus the term contemporary evolution. I have mostly worked on evolution of life-history traits, such as maturation age and size, growth patterns, reproductive investment, and mortality schedules, which cause differences in the life cycles of organisms, and together form life-history strategies, and are important determinants of fitness, a central element of Darwinian evolution. I have also investigated how behavioural selectivity drives life-history evolution.
Authorship in general by “first-last-author-emphasis”, students/postdocs supervised by me marked with an *.
Jørgensen, C., K. Enberg, E.S. Dunlop, R. Arlinghaus, D.S. Boukal, K. Brander, B. Ernande, A. Gårdmark, F. Johnston, S. Matsumura, H. Pardoe, K. Raab, A. Silva, A. Vainikka, U. Dieckmann, M. Heino, and A.D. Rijnsdorp. 2007. Managing evolving fish stocks. Science 318: 1247-1248.
See also: Jørgensen, C., K. Enberg, E.S. Dunlop, R. Arlinghaus, D.S. Boukal, K. Brander, B. Ernande, A. Gårdmark, F. Johnston, S. Matsumura, H. Pardoe, K. Raab, A. Silva, A. Vainikka, U. Dieckmann, M. Heino, and A.D. Rijnsdorp. 2008. The role of fisheries-induced evolution – response. Science 320: 48-50.
Enberg, K., C. Jørgensen, E.S. Dunlop, M. Heino, and U. Dieckmann. 2009. Implications of fisheries-induced evolution for stock rebuilding and recovery. Evolutionary Applications 2: 394-414. (open access)
*Claireaux, M., C. Jørgensen and K. Enberg 2018. Evolutionary effects of fishing gear on foraging behavior and life-history traits. Ecology and Evolution 8: 10711-10721. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4482 (open access). Supplementary material
Enberg K., C. Jørgensen, E.S. Dunlop, Ø. Varpe, D.S. Boukal, L. Baulier, S. Eliassen and M. Heino. 2012. Fishing-induced evolution of growth: concepts, mechanisms, and the empirical evidence. Marine Ecology 33: 1-25 (open access)
Jørgensen, C., K. Enberg 2019. Fishing for answers. Science 365: 443-444, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aay3158
PHOTO: ANDERS BEER WILSE/NORWEGIAN FOLK MUSEUM
*Wathne, I., K. Enberg, K. H. Jensen and M. Heino 2020. Rapid life-history evolution in a wild Daphnia pulex population in response to novel size-dependent predation. Evolutionary Ecology https://doi.org/10.1007/s10682-020-10031-7 (open access)
Laugen, A.T., G.H. Engelhard, R. Whitlock, R. Arlinghaus, D.J. Dankel, E.S. Dunlop, A.M. Eikeset, K. Enberg, C. Jørgensen, S. Matsumura, S. Nusslé, D. Urbach, L. Baulier, D.S. Boukal, B. Ernande, F.D. Johnston, F. Mollet, H. Pardoe, N.O. Therkildsen, S. Uusi-Heikkilä, A. Vainikka, M. Heino, A.D. Rijnsdorp, and U. Dieckmann 2014. Evolutionary impact assessment: Accounting for evolutionary consequences of fishing in an ecosystem approach to fisheries management. Fish and Fisheries 15: 65-96. (open access)
Heino, M., L. Baulier, D.S. Boukal, B. Ernande, F.D. Johnston, F. Mollet, H. Pardoe, N.O. Therkildsen, S. Uusi-Heikkilä, A. Vainikka, R. Arlinghaus, D.J. Dankel, E.S. Dunlop, A.M. Eikeset, K. Enberg, G.H. Engelhard, C. Jørgensen, A.T. Laugen, S. Matsumura, S. Nusslé, D. Urbach, R. Whitlock, A.D. Rijnsdorp, and U. Dieckmann 2013. Can fisheries-induced evolution shift reference points for fisheries management? ICES Journal of Marine Science 70: 707-721. (open access)
Enberg, K., C. Jørgensen, and M. Mangel. 2010. Fishing-induced evolution and changing reproductive biology of fish: the evolution of steepness. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 67: 1708-1719
Dunlop, E.S., K. Enberg, C. Jørgensen, and M. Heino. 2009. Toward Darwinian fisheries management. Evolutionary Applications 2: 245-259.
Heino, M., L. Baulier, D.S. Boukal, E.S. Dunlop, S. Eliassen, K. Enberg, C. Jørgensen, and Ø. Varpe. 2008. Evolution of growth in Gulf of St Lawrence cod? Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 275: 1111-1112. (open access)